The birth of languages was the beginning of civilization. Man, who basically is a social animal, survives on the relationship with his fellow beings. Probably, it is this relationship which has played the most important role in his evolution from a mere animal to the ruler of the world. The relationship, in a broader sense, has been able to hold ground on two basic faces – physical and mental/emotional. Although physical has led to the numeric growth of man, it has been the emotional base which has led to the real development of humanity.
The most vital need of an emotional relationship is communication. Therefore language has emerged as an indispensable tool for human advancement and evolution.
Let’s go into the reasons for the development of the diverse linguistics in the history of the world. Actually, languages have been born not because of some strange coincidence, but by constant evolution and non-stop changes. It is very clear even from the present scenario that languages were created by the basic instincts of man, instincts like love, hate, romance, etc. these basic instincts and feelings got reflected in the languages. With the passage of time, these languages matured with the emotions in man and took the shape of the present form.
As years turned into decades, decades into centuries and centuries into millennia, a means of communication became a means of advancing knowledge. Galileo stated theories of the universe in it; Newton expressed his observations about gravity in it and Einstein turned an abstract view into a quantum theory in it. Now it was impossible to separate knowledge from language. Knowledge could be gained through language, understood by it and also spread by it. Languages could differ, but it was impossible for knowledge to differ from people to people. There was a need to combine knowledge from all people. And then there arose a need for a common language.
Today’s world, which is so joined together, helped by the internet, thoroughly, interconnected political and economic circuits; there is no doubt that it is tied together. With the phenomenon of a ‘global village’ coming into existence and need for better understanding, a common language can turn the tables. It can also lead to a common heritage development, which can surely help to bind the people into more peaceful relationships.
But being optimistic can never change the world. The truth is that it is humanly impossible to have a single language. Time has made it clear that even a language, prevalent in a small area, gets divided into dialects, hence destroying the basic reason for having a common language.
As I have already pointed out that language is a result of the basic instincts of man. It has been seen that different peoples of the world have different emotional instincts. Languages thus, are a part of communicating those emotions. With the advent of a common language, the basic purpose of linguistics gets killed.
Each language has got its own special features, whether the numerical diversity of Hindi, or the poetic excellence of Urdu, or the vast vocabulary of English, every language is as beautiful as the other. A new language, I presume, would be a mixed version of all the present languages. Won’t it destroy the beauty of it all? In addition to that, the vast diversity in the literary field is bound to get slaughtered in the slaughter house of a new pan-world language.
Languages have emerged as a witness to history. It is the language which communicates the glorious past of the world to us with the emergence of a new language, there is a chance of people forgetting their past, their heritage and even their basic values which have been passed on from generation to generation, in the books which are holy for one and all. Also, there may be a case in which not all the people get a chance to learn the languages and a divide in the society is but so obvious to occur.
With all the above given arguments, in my opinion, a new language, would end up as a failure. I do not consider it necessary for a more peaceful and harmonious world. Wars have never occurred due to differences in language, but because of lack of understanding. A better bet would be trying to bring people together with better understanding. The past is always vital for the present. It is almost ridiculous for the people to forget history. In my opinion, an endeavor should be made to reach all sections of the world and spread education as EDUCATION IS A UNIVERSAL LANGUAGE more than anything else.
Lee Wie Mien Jackson
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