Artificial Intelligence, commonly abbreviated as ‘AI’, is the science and engineering of making intelligent systems that perceives its environment and then performs actions accordingly. These types of machines/systems possess synthetic intelligence and are programmed to respond to, and handle various situations. Such machines possess an embedded system which takes input signals through voice recognition softwares, detectors, etc , process them by using microprocessor chips housed in a microcontroller and programmed to act suitably. The control system is based on ‘Fuzzy Logic’, which analyzes analog input values in terms of logical variables, operates upon these set of variables using conditional statements and hence delivers an appropriate output signal. All the computational tasks are rendered with the help of a microcontroller, which is often regarded as the ‘brain’ of the machine, using the set of input variables.
An important and popular branch of Artificial Intelligence that has emerged in recent times is ‘Robotics’. The world has advanced, the needs have diversified and requirement of performing a particular task repeatedly and with precision has lead to the emergence of robots. Robots are basically human adaptations of machines designed to function in a humanized environment. Some areas where robots emerge as useful helpers to man are in performing toxic waste clean-up, desert and space exploration, and in hazardous and unfavorable conditions where humans fail to work. They are subject to lifting heavy loads and have already gained their position in auto-manufacturing and assembly. A recent example that gained fame and appreciation by the masses was ASIMO, the humanoid robot created by Honda. It has been designed using sound and face recognition technology with the ability to communicate intelligently and with further enhanced capability by enabling its connectivity with the internet.
‘I-Robot’, a sci-fi fiction that conceptualized the world in 2035, brought to light the inevitable destruction that the world might face if the robots outnumber the humans in intelligence and start dominating our society. It has aroused a war between artificial and human intelligence, and poses a question mark on the dominance of either in the future to unveil. It is evident that a technology revolution is always accompanied with a price tag. Further, a major concern that goes with this is the use of robots in military operations, terrorist activities and other irrational operations.
The question remains as to which out of these two intelligences will establish its supremacy in the times to come.