Battle For Ayodhya- In Detail

Isn’t it surprising to see how a country like ours has managed to survive and develop at the same time, with the constant presence of such a massive communal tension for 63 years now? Well, I certainly am; but unfortunately we haven’t been able to come up with a solution to this never-ending problem.

Since forever the Hindus and Muslims have been fighting for a piece of land covering 2.77 acres, 40kms from the city of Ayodhya. On this land Mughal Emperor, Babur built a mosque in the 16th century; and it was later claimed that Lord Ram was born on this very same spot by Hindu communities. This tiff between the two communities continued for years and reached its highest point when the Hindu activists destroyed the mosque on the December 6, 1992.

The Babri Masjid was built in the year 1528, in the city of Ayodhya, under the patronage of Mughal Emperor, Babur. Babur was the first Mughal Emperor of that time in India and he built it to make his presence last forever. According to Muslim communities, the monumental mosque is more than just a place of worship; it is an ancient structure, which describes how important the community is for the progress of the country.

But on the contrary, Hindu communities respect Ayodhya as it is said to be Lord Ram’s birthplace and is considered as the most sacred city in Hindu religion. Lord Ram is looked upon as the Greatest Lord as he is also the avatar of Lord Vishu. He embodies all the values that a human must follow. He always encouraged people to fight for the truth and therefore He is an important figure for the people of our country.

Since the demolition of the mosque, the people have been waiting for the court’s verdict on the issue of whether the land belongs to the Hindu community or the Muslim community. This case has been in the court’s proceedings since 18 years now and finally the verdict is supposed to be out on the September 28, 2010.

The judiciary has been facing a lot of problems in coming to a conclusion because the Hindu community here says that there was a temple at the same spot, which was broken down to build the mosque. But the fact is that even if there was a temple we don’t have evidence about its existence.

Till date, there have been over 100 such cases from both parties where community leaders bring in their point of view and appeal to the court of law. In 1949, Hindu idols of worship appeared within the premises of the mosque; they were allegedly placed there on the nights of December 22-23. The gates of the mosque have been locked ever since with a 24 hr security cover.

Today, the court has to consider 120 such issues before delivering its verdict. All these cases have to be looked at thoroughly as there has never been such a massive communal tension anywhere else in the history of the world.

Ayodhya is a region with 80% Hindu population and only 20% presence of Muslims and considering the fact that there is no evidence of the temple, which is said to have been demolished it makes it more difficult for the court to deliver its verdict. The question here is should the court consider the evidence, which goes in favour of the Muslim community or should it go in favour of the majority, which is the Hindu community.

We have seen how the demolition broke out riots in different parts of the country. The immediate massive repercussion of this was the ’93 blasts in Mumbai which destroyed the entire city within minutes. Could such a scene be repeated post the verdict?

As a secular Indian I would have to agree with Shivam Gupta, a resident of Faizabad district in which Ayodhya is located who says in an article in the MINT, that instead of creating more problems within the communities, build neither a mosque nor a temple but build something of mutual value instead. He continues to say, ‘Why not build an orphanage or a hospital or a charitable trust for the victims of communal riots’. A solution of this sort can help spread the word of secularism and end this age old problem.

Sneha Krishnan

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