The Search For Dawood Ibrahim
The Indian government and the United States of America (USA) will join hands to arrest India’s most wanted criminal Dawood Ibrahim.
Union Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde in Mumbai said, “We have arrested some most wanted terrorists (of late) and have killed a few on the border. As far as Dawood (Ibrahim) is concerned, we are in touch with (US agency) the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). There is already a red corner notice (against Dawood Ibrahim). We have proposed a joint action with the US (to arrest him). US Attorney General Eric Holder has also agreed to this.”
This joint action comes after the arrest of Lashkar-e-Taiba’s “bomb expert” Abdul Karim Tunda who has claimed that Dawood is living in Karachi, Pakistan and is being protected by the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) of Pakistan.
Who is Dawood Ibrahim?
Dawood Ibrahim is amongst one of the leaders of organized crime groups in Mumbai. He has been accused of being involved in the 1993 Mumbai bombings which resulted in the death of 257 people and left over 700 injured. He is on Interpol’s list of “most wanted” as well as India’s for organised crime
Organized crime in India may be associated with criminal organisations that focus on making as much money as possible through illegal means like drugs and arms trafficking, money laundering, extortion etc. by using means like kidnapping and murders. But, it is different from terrorism which is an act that uses violence to access power or political change.
Active groups and Places of active organized crime
Organized crime is active mostly in cities like Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Delhi and Bangalore, but it has its strongest grip in Mumbai where most of the organized crimes (drug, arms and human trafficking etc.) are rampant.
Ahmedabad city is known for its liquor mafia because of the ban on liquor in Gujarat. The land mafia works in Delhi from the state of Uttar Pradesh. They are gangs who have political connections and forcefully grab land. In the city of Bangalore, builders are the people who are involved in money laundering.
Why does it take place?
Crime of any kind rises only when there is inequality in society. Organized crime fetches a lot of money but at one’s own risk, something that people are willing to deal with so that they can make easy money. Poor governance and policies that don’t bear fruit also force people to join organized crime.
Italian sociologist Giuseppe Arlacchi has said, “High unemployment rate, that targets the less favoured population, the absence of government measures to counteract this, the gap between the disfavoured and the consumer model, valorization of economic success and low possibilities to access resources through legal means, all these combine together to favour the development of a criminal labour force.”
Kinds of organized crimes
Today crimes take place only for the sake of money. A criminal does not think about what impact it will have on the innocent family that is targetted. Most times, the tactics criminals resort to force me to think that they don’t want humanity to exist at all.
Illegal Drug Trafficking
People resort to drugs for either one of two reasons: stress or to look cool. There are also other times when they take drugs because they are bored and want to try something new. This triggers the demand for a market of harmful drugs which is exploited by organized crime groups. And despite the efforts of drug control organizations in India, organized crime groups continue to succeed in trafficking drugs within, as well as, outside the country. The drugs that are supplied the most are heroin, hashish, opium and herbal cannabis.
However, a certain amount of some drugs are allowed to be produced for medicinal and scientific purposes. Therefore, opium is grown in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh under the surveillance of the Narcotics Commissioner. But it has also been reported that opium is grown illegally on the hill tracks of India, which then makes it to the black markets. And since India is surrounded by the Golden Triangle and Golden Crescent countries, drug trafficking takes place across the borders as well.
Illegal trafficking of firearms
Trafficking of firearms is another business for organized crime groups. This puts the security of people at risk and also affects the economy of the country. India is amongst the greatest buyers of arms machinery in the world. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, India spends 30 billion dollars every year as its defence budget. Illegal country made pistols are mostly used for murder, kidnapping, robbery and other criminal offenses. Therefore, easy accessibility of weapons would increase crime rates. Like drugs, it also takes place across borders. While the Border Security Force is always vigilant, it cannot man each and every inch of the borders.
The illegal trade of human beings is called human trafficking. This normally is the trafficking of women and children who are pushed into the sex trade and bonded labour. It is the third largest organized crime in the world and makes 80 billion dollars a year. According to U.S. State Department, India is “a source, destination and transit” country for “men women and children subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking”. Gender discrimination is another factor altogether. Since girls are discriminated against, many parents abandon them and they therefore become victims of human trafficking.
A trafficker in Kolkata who made 1000 dollars per child told BBC reporter Natalia Antelava, “I traffic 150 to 200 girls a year, [and demand is rising] starting from age 10, 11 and older, up to 16, 17. I have had troubles with authorities but I am not afraid – if I go to jail I now have enough money to bribe my way out.”
Money Laundering is an act in which money earned through illegal means is converted into money earned through legitimate means so as to avoid paying taxes. We usually refer to it as “black money”. Criminals, politicians and even those from the business engage in such activities. Once they succeed in doing so they use this money fearlessly and make more out of this, thereby, accumulating more black money.
In contract killings, a person or a gang is told to kill someone in exchange for money. The full payment is paid after the person is killed. The gangs of Mumbai like that of Ibrahim do exactly this.
Kidnapping and Extortion
Gangs also abduct people and release them only for the price of any amount of money they ask for and other conditions. Some gangs also threaten people (from the film industry, builders etc.) for money; this is commonly known as protection money.
The law against criminal activities in our country is very weak. Often people who have witnessed a crime refuse to make a confession out of fear. Some have often been killed; a fact that only instills more fear in the hearts of witnesses.
Not to mention that cases take very long to be cleared since there aren’t enough courts which in turn decrease the conviction rate. Therefore, there is a serious need to set up more courts in the country, especially fast track courts.
Often there are crimes that are committed across different states. In cases like these co-ordination between the centre and the states becomes a necessity. This will also increase the efficiency of the working officers.
Similarly, there are crimes that are committed across countries, and due to a difference in the legal systems, catching these criminals or taking action becomes very difficult.
As one can see from the document link provided in the earlier graph, there is an urgent need to tackle organized crime. It is a system that is hungry for money and takes whatever measures possible to bring in as much as possible.
But what’s more scary is that, once you’re in, you can hardly ever come back out.
How can we tackle organized crime? Write in to us in the comment box below!