Judgement on the Ayodhya Case

A lot has been heard and talked about the Ayodhya dispute and it took almost 6 decades and a loss of over 2000 lives of innocent people for the verdict to come. But what was its history, when was it really started is only known by few masses associated with it from the beginning. Who owns the land? Was the Masjid really built in place of a temple? Who all were behind this? Many questions like that still not answered. So many riots took place both pre and post independence and numerous people lost their lives in the name of Ayodhya.

Ayodhya is situated in Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh.  Ayodhya issue actually started centuries ago. It is a political and social religious debate over the site of Babri Masjid Mosques and whether a Rama temple was demolished to create it. As we all know Ayodhya is known to be the birth place of Lord Rama and is called Ram Janmabhoomi. But in 1528 the Babri Masjid Mosque was constructed by the first Mughal Emperor Babur. In that period the first doubt arose about the birthplace of Rama and Hindus claimed that it was built by demolishing Ram temple. Many communal clashes were recorded after that. In 1859 British Administration separated the area by putting fences. After 90 years, in 1949 the issues were again heated up. Hindus placed Lord Rama idols inside the mosque which led to dispute between Hindu and Muslims. Both filed civil suits and court ordered to seal the place till the dispute is settled. Then in 1961 a case was filed for putting idols of Hindu Gods inside the worship place of Muslims but no solution came out of that. In 1984 some Hindu volunteers came forward to build a Temple at the Ram Janmabhoomi and our senior Political leaders like L K Advani supported them, which further led to chaos and situation got even worse. Then in 1989 Allahabad High Court ordered to open the gate of the mosque for the Hindus to worship. This resulted in formation of Babri Mosque Committee which protested against the judgment passed in the favour of Hindus.

In 1990, Again Mr. L K Advani started a Rath Yatra in support of Ram Temple at the disputed site but was not very successful and participants were gunned and beaten by the police. Then in the next year  building of  temple gain a high momentum and it was said that people sent bricks from across the country to show support which led to complete demolishment for the Babri Masjid mosque by Karsevaks (volunteers Hindus) in 1992. This was followed by the communal riots across the country and even some political leaders were arrested and charged for provoking the destruction. In late 1992 and early 1993 serial blasts occurred in Mumbai, killing thousands and it was then confirmed the attacks were planned because of the Ayodhya demolition of Babri Masjid and report showed that the attacks were politically motivated.

In 2002, riots again occurred in the Gujarat. People burnt the train which was carrying Hindu passengers from Ayodhya which was followed by riots in the State, killing around 3000 innocent people. This whole issue appeared to be politically planned and allegations were raised against the political leader Narendra Modi.  Situation was getting worse with time and then in 2003 an order was passed for a survey to find out whether a temple really existed at the place Babri Masjid. Evidence indicated the presence of temple there but no evidence were found of its destruction. Muslim committee did not accept the report and claimed that the report was tampered.

In 2009 again another report was submitted to the Prime Minister of India and many Politicians and high-ranking government officer’s name came forward in the destruction of Babri Masjid.  Allegations were leveled against Kalyan Singh, CM of UP in 1992 for ordering the police to keep silent during the demolition act. L K Advani was charged for delivering a provocative speech which led to the demolishment.

The hearing of the case began in 2002 and is completed in 2010. Both Hindus and Muslims filed case in the Allahabad High Court for the possession of the land. After so many riots, mass killings, destruction of public property, on 30 Sep 2010, the Ayodhya Verdict was finally announced by the Allahabad High Court. A three member bench comprising justices SU Khan, Sudhit Agarwal and DV Sharma came to conclusion that the disputed land be divided into three parts.  Site of Ram idol goes to the Ram Lala Virajman, and Sita Rasoi goes to the Nirmohin Akhara and the Sunni Wakf Board (the Muslim Committee) to get the rest of the 1/3 land and was to be maintained for next three months. On the day of verdict a lot of tension and fear was palpable throughout the Nation. People were praying for the Verdict to be fair and peaceful.  Only the people related to the suit were allowed in the court and no exit was allowed till the verdict was announced. Entry of common people was restricted near the court and all the schools, colleges and offices were closed on that day. More than 1500 police personnel were on duty to maintain peace and security in the city. There was high security across several states in the country on the verdict day.  There were huge responses of the common man on the social networking sites and the comments clearly showed that people only want peace for the country.  People welcomed the verdict peacefully and it was accepted by all the masses and no violence activities were reported after the verdict. But still some people want to take the case to the Supreme Court.

The Judgment is not a win or loss for anybody. In my opinion the judgment passed was fair and is in favor of both Hindus and Muslims and gave a new opportunity to both Hindus and Muslims to come together and live peacefully. Further proceedings will do no good and will only lead to unnecessary violence where the common man will suffer again like he had suffered for decades. Common man never wants the riots and they are least bothered about the verdict.  It’s the politicians who push these issues unnecessarily for their political interest.  One should understand that whatever was done in the past cannot be fixed and therefore, we all should support the verdict and move on in the interest of the country and its people. Most of the politicians welcomed the verdict and supported it.  But still the case is not officially closed some political leaders making strong remarks against the verdict, provoking adverse comments from the different committees. This clearly show that they are not interested in the country or common man`s good. Such comments and remarks should be avoided and media should not give importance to these kinds of negative statements.  It is important to ensure peace and harmony and further politicizing will only make the situation worse.

Nisha Yadav