According to World Health Organisation (WHO), two million people die every year due to air pollution. Over exploration of resources in India has led to this increasing problem of pollution. Some problems are faced by the world together, while some others are experienced in a greater density in India; for instance, dumping of e-waste. E-waste is loosely described as the discarded surplus, obsolete or broken electrical or electronic devices.
India produces about 3, 80,000 tones of e-waste per annum, which includes only the waste generated from television sets, mobile phones and computers; a major chunk of these come from organisations. E-waste produced in India includes over 100,000 tones from refrigerators, 275,000 tones from TVs, 56,300 tones from personal computers, 4,700 tones from printers and 1,700 tones from mobile phones. The unorganized recycling sector which fails to practice eco-friendly e-waste recycling methods release large amount of toxic chemicals. The current practices of e-waste management in India suffer from a number of drawbacks like the unhealthy conditions of informal recycling, inadequate legislation, poor awareness and negligence on part of the corporate to address the critical issues. The consequences have been deadly.
The toxic materials enter the waste stream with no special precautions to avoid the known adverse effects on the environment and human health. Resources are wasted when economically valuable materials are dumped or unhealthy conditions are developed during the informal recycling. Many developed nations dump their waste in India because of the cheap labour. These innocent, ill-informed labours are left to die. There is lack of initiative to redress issues and strategies to address this emerging problem in light of the day in India.
Management of e-waste is just one of the aspects of growth trends in the country, but there are a lot more reasons for pollution problems in India. Rapid industrialisation is also a cause of growing levels of pollution. Water pollution and air pollution both have increased to a high level.
Many animal species have become extinct or are on the verge of extinction in India. Bharat Pur sanctuary is a witness to falling population of migratory birds every year.
Ganga, the holy river of India is so impure now that taking a dip would ensure one to fall ill. Steps are being taken to control pollution but they are not enough. Mumbai in the year 2010 suffered from many malaria cases. India and filth have a relation dating back to centuries. Many Hollywood movies show how people fall ill when they come to India, but the truth is stranger than fiction.
Problems of greenhouse effect are continuously causing global warming. Temperature is increasing by day. Every day prices of petrol are increasing, making a hole in our pockets. Alternative fuels need to be worked out. Hybrid cars have to be given more attention.
Unhealthy India is not going disappear somewhere on its own. A strong protection measure taken now will only ensure some relief to the generations in the future. Future is ahead but what about now? Everyone talks about it, but it is high time we all work for it as well.
Image Source [flickr]