Shiraz-i-Hind: Lucknow


Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, Situated on the banks of the river Gomti, historically known as the Awadh region. It is also known as the Golden City of the East, Shiraz-i-Hind and The Constantinople of India. It has always been a multicultural city. Lucknow has rich culture, architecture, music, dance handicrafts, etiquette, or sports. Its cultural extravaganza is known all over the world for its many splendors.


Lucknow is a city synonymous with the Nawabi Culture. The local culture of Lucknow City and style of speaking Urdu like tahjeeb rakhiye ,pahale aap and aap janab makes it different from of the rest of the world. Even after witnessing tremendous modernization, Lucknow has managed to retain its age-old charm and glory. The warmth, the hospitality and the formality of the city has still not been lost. It is one of the few places where one can still find people saying ‘aap’, ‘janab’, ‘pehle aap’, etc.

Geographical location

Lucknow is placed at the core of august Ganatic plane. It is fairly easy to reach this place. By Air Lucknow can be easily reached,
By Air : The airport at Lucknow is located at a distance of around 14 kilometers from the city center at a place called Amausi.
By Rail: There are two main railway junctions at Lucknow. One is at Lucknow city center itself and the other is at Charbagh. Trains from all major places near and around Lucknow stop daily.
By Road : Lucknow can be easily reached from Delhi, Kanpur, Agra, Allahbad and Dehradun. Highways from all these places connect them with Lucknow. The major highways passing through Lucknow are N.H. – 25, N.H. – 28 and N.H. – 56.

Lucknow Cuisine:

The cuisine of Lucknow has its own peculiarity. The traditional food of Lucknow dates back to Mughal period, giving a very regal touch. For culinary nirvana smart people head to the land of ‘eatopia’, where gourmet delights range from kebabs, biryani to pasta and tacos. The applauded dishes of Lucknow are kormas, kaliya, nahari-kulchas, zarda, sheermal, roomali rotis and warqi parathas. It is not just the ingredients that are special but also the way they are made by expert hands and the way they are presented.

The most famous of all dishes are the Kebabs or the meatballs that come in different varieties. Some of the most famous (and delicious!) varieties of Kebabs are Kakori Kebabs, Shami Kebabs, Boti Kebabs, Patili-ke-Kababs, Ghutwa Kebabs and Seekh Kebabs. Lucknow offer loads of eateries. Its most Famous food joints adopt the smartest advertising strategy of all times.

No sign-board, no phone lines and no marketing fundas – this works well for Idris Biryaniwala at Patanala Chowk, Rahim kulche-nahari eatery at Chowk, the typed to death yet still the best Tunde kebabs at Akbari Gate, top it off with Naushejaan, Sakhawat, Daal mein Kaala, Dasterkhwan and you have eateries that are pocket friendly and find pride of place in national and intertnational good food guides. If money is no problem then there are also the kakori kebabs to kill for at the Oudhyana, Taj Residency or the ghazal soaked yummy evening at Falaknuma in l Clarks Avadh or the sizzler delights at Pavillion at Park Inn.

Places to visit:-

Bara Imambara – built by Asaf-ud-Daula in the year 1784, this magnificent structure is one of the major tourist attractions of Lucknow. It is said that the project was started in order to provide employment to thousands of hapless workers during a great famine.

The Imambara is a Shiite religious building, and serves as the venue of religious gatherings during Muharram and other significant occasions of the Shia religion. The biggest attraction of this building complex is the Bhulbhulaiya, a maze with confusing passages. Tourists are deliberately left by the guides to find their way out of this maze. The place is said to have been used for the recreation of the royalty. A splendid mosque is located in the complex.

Chota Imambara – the smaller Imambara, as the name literally translates to, was built in 1837, and is said to be the brainchild of Mohammed Ali Shah. The complex contains many tombs, said to be those of Mohammad Ali Shah and his family members. The main building of this Imambara is topped by a golden dome, which when illuminated during festivities, offers a fantastic view. This complex is also known by the name of Husainabad Imambara.

The Residency – the Residency is a group of British buildings that used to serve as the headquarters of the British Resident in the state of Oudh, or Awadh as the region around Lucknow was known back in early 19th century. The complex was attacked by the mutineers during the 1857 revolt, and taken over by the Indian soldiers. The Residency is situated at the centre of the city, in the Hazratgunj area.

Rumi Darwaza – this beautiful structure is also said to be part of the famine relief plans for which the bara imambara was commissioned. Built in 1783, this gigantic gate soars top 60 feet, and is one of the famous landmarks of the city. The gateway is located to the Northwest of the Bara Imambara.

Sikandar Bagh – this garden was laid in 1800 by Nawab Saadat Ali Khan and was later used by the last Nawab of Oudh, Wajid Ali Shah. The name is derived from his favorite queen, Sikandara Mahal Begum. The garden, with a small pavilion in the middle, served as the venue for cultural events and dance performances. During the 1857 revolt, the mutineers took refuge here, and about 2000 of them were reportedly slaughtered by the British. Some other tourist spots make up the overall tourism in Lucknow and should be visited as part of the Lucknow tours.

The other places to visit in the city include Chattar manzil,Qaiser bagh palace, La Martiniere College, State Museum and Aurangzeb’s mosque.

Nilaya Mitash Shanker