A lot has been heard and talked about the Ayodhya dispute and it took almost 6 decades and loss of over 2000 lives of innocent people for the verdict to come. But what was its history, when did it really start is only known by few people associated with it from the beginning. Who owns the land, and was the Masjid really built in place of a temple and who all were behind this and many questions like that are still not answered. So many riots occurred both pre and post independence and people lost their lives in the name of Ayodhya.
Ayodhya is situated in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. The Ayodhya issues actually started centuries ago. It was a political and social religious debate over the site of Babri Masjid and whether a Rama temple was demolished to create it. As we all know Ayodhya is known to be the birth place of Lord Rama and is called Ram Janmabhoomi. But, in 1528, the Babri Masjid was constructed by the first Mughal Emperor Babur in Ayodhya.
In that period the first riot was aroused about the birthplace of Rama and the Hindu claimed that it was built by demolishing a Ram temple. Many communal clashes were recorded after that. In 1859, the British Administration separated the area by putting fences. After 90 years in 1949 the issues were heated up again. Hindus placed Lord Ram idols inside the mosque which led to disputes between the Hindus and Muslims. Both filed civil suits and the court ordered to seal that place till the dispute was settled.
In 1961 a case was filed for putting idols of Hindu God inside a Muslim worship place but no solution came out of that. In 1984 some Hindu volunteers came forward to build a Temple at the Ram Janmabhoomi and our senior Political leaders like LK Advani showed support which further led to chaos and the situation got worse.
In 1989 Allahabad High Court ordered to open the gate of the mosque for the Hindus to worship. This resulted in formation of Babri Mosque Committee who protested against the judgment passed in the favour of Hindus.
In 1990, Again Mr. AK Advani started a Rath Yatra in support of a Ram Temple at the disputed site but was not very successful and participants were gunned and beaten by the police. Then in the next year building of a temple gained high momentum and it was said that people sent bricks from across the country to show support which led to complete demolishment of the Babri Masjid by Karsevaks (Hindu volunteers) in 1992.
This was followed by communal riots across the country and even some political leaders were arrested and charged with the Ayodhya riots for provoking destruction. In late 1992 and early 1993 serial blasts occurred in Mumbai killing mostly Hindus and it was then confirmed the attacks were planned because of the Ayodhya demolition of Babri Masjid and reports showed that the attacks were politically motivated.
In 2002 riots occurred in the Gujarat. People burnt the train which was carrying Hindu passengers from Ayodhya which was followed by riots in the State killing around 3000 innocent people. This whole issue appeared to be politically planned and allegations were raised against the political leader Narendra Modi. Situation was getting worse with the time and then in 2003 an order was passed for a survey to find out whether the temple really existed at the Babri Masjid site. Evidence indicated presence of temple there but no evidence were found of its destruction. Muslim committee did not accept the report and claimed that the report was tempered.
In 2009 another report was submitted to the Prime Minister of India and many Politicians and high-ranking government officer’s names came forward in the destruction of the Babri Masjid. Allegations were made against Kalyan Singh CM of UP in 1992 for ordering the police to keep silent during the demolition act. AK Advani was charged for making a provoking speech which led to the demolishment. This report aroused a lot of tension in the Parliament.
The hearing of the case began in 2002 and completed in 2010. Both Hindus and Muslims filed cases in the Allahabad Court for the possession of the land. After so many riots, killing of innocent people, public property destructions, on September 30, 2010 finally the Ayodhya Verdict was announced. The Allahabad High Court three member bench comprising of Justices SU Khan, SudhitAgarwal and DV Sharma came to conclusion that the disputed land be divided into three parts. Site of Ram idol goes to the Ram Lala Virajman, and Sita Rasoi goes to the Nirmohi Akhara and the Sunni Wakf Board (the Muslim Committee) to get the rest of the 1/3 land and that was to be maintained for the next three months.
On the day of verdict lot of tension and fear was running throughout the Nation. People were praying for the Verdict to be fair and peaceful. Only people related to the suit were allowed in the court and no exit was allowed till the verdict was announced. Entry was restricted near the court and schools, colleges and offices were closed on that day. More than 1500 police personnel were on duty to maintain peace and security in the city. There was high security across several states in the country on the verdict day.
There were huge responses from the common man on social networking sites and the comments clearly showed that people only wanted peace for the country. People welcome the verdict peacefully and it was accepted by all the masses and no violent activities were reported after the verdict. But still some people are making issues and want to take the case to the Supreme Court. The Judgment is not a win or loss for anybody. In my opinion the judgment passed was fair and is in favor of both Hindu and Muslim and gave a new opportunity to both Hindu and Muslims to come together and live peacefully.
Further, Proceeding will do no good and only lead to unnecessary violence and only the common man will suffer again like he has been suffering from decades. The common man does not want riots and they are least bothered about the verdict. It’s the politicians who are insisting on these issues unnecessarily for their political interest. One should understand that whatever done in the past cannot be fixed so we all should support the verdict and move on in the interest of country and its people. Most of the politicians welcomed the verdict and supported it. But, still the case is not officially closed. Some political leaders are still making strong remarks against the verdict provoking adverse comments from the different committees. This clearly shows that they are not interested in the country or the common man`s good. Such comments and remarks should be avoided and media should not give importance to these kinds of negative remarks. It is important to ensure peace and harmony and further politicizing this issue will not do any good to anybody and will only make the situation worse.
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