The Babri Masjid Case

The demolition of Babri Masjid has to be undoubtedly considered to be the most tragic day in the history of India that created so much of violence and bloodshed. This 60 year old Babri dispute or Ramjanambhoomi dispute revolves around the fact of owning a piece of land in Ayodhya, (a city in Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh) where Babri masjid used to stand till the year 1992.

This dreadful issue traces its initiation in the year 1528, when Babar, a Mughal emperor built Babri Mosque in Ram Janambhoomi which is considered to be Lord Rama’s birthplace. After this, till now, Muslims and Hindus are clashing over the possession of the land. In 1949, some idols of Lord Rama were found in the mosques which were illegally placed there by Hindus. Thereafter government declared the place as a disputed piece of land and locked the gates. The next year, after a case was filed, it was permitted to offer prayers at the Janambhoomi.

After some time in 1959, a case was filed by the Nirmohi Akhara and Mahant Raghunath entitled to be a sect accountable for conducting pooja. After 2 years, another case was filed by the Sunni Central Board of Waqfs, to claim the mosque. In the year 1984, a Hindu committee was formed to liberate the birth place of Lord Rama and to build a temple in his honor. This was supported by the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) party. Bad luck turned in when the mosque was disrupted by BJP, the followers of VHP and the Shiv Sena party, this lead to a world spread riot between Hindus and Muslims which killed more than 2000 people.

In 2001, the High Court, in order to determine whether a temple is underneath, asked the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) to excavate the site. The next year, at least 58 people were killed in the Gothra Kand due to attack on a train that had Hindu activists coming from Ayodhya. Followed by the train attack, a number ranging from 1000- 2000 people, mainly Muslims died.  In the year 2003, a survey determined that there was an evidence of a temple beneath the mosque, but Muslims denied the fact. After 2 years, the disputed area was attacked by Islamic militants with a jeep loaded with explosives, all of them were killed. Finally on September 30, 2010 the most awaited verdict came by the Allahabad High Court clearly stating that the undecided land’s possession will be shared into three parts – the Ram Lalla idol site for Ram, Sita Rasoi and Ram Chabutra to be given to the Nirmohi Akhara and the rest of the area provided to Sunni Waqf Board.

Soon after the verdict, there was a high alert all over the country, people were urged to think positively about the verdict and stay at peace. There was tight security all over the country to any kind of riots or any such thing. Further, almost all shops and business establishments were closed after the verdict for some period of time. This issue has affected the Hindu-Muslim relations badly; the injuries can never be healed again.

Now talking about my perspective, it becomes difficult for me to understand that how can people fight and kill each other for a mere piece of land. The entire nation was called off and was waiting for this verdict with heart beats racing and blood rushing faster than the speed of light. This violent and outrageous political movement has taken so many lives in the ever continued massacres and riots. I mean, the country is full of mosques, churches, gurudwaras and temples, and some buildings have to demolish naturally or manually for some other construction. So does this mean that we keep on fighting with each other by linking these pieces of lands with religious sentiments? Even if there was a temple beneath the masjid, does this hold any relevance in the present situation?

The verdict stayed in Hindu’s favor and is ought to create resentment amongst the other community members. On an international level, the Muslims are not happy with the decision. They have ranked the decision to be partial and diplomatic.

Suvidha Bhatnagar

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