The Concept of Decentralization of the Madhya Pradesh Government

Decentralization in the accurate meaning refers to distribution of the decision making powers to the subunits of an organization. In the framework of the government, Decentralized planning means that the planning will be done on the base of a villager’s judgment and what they suggest conferring to their day to day needs. This process will inspire the villagers to take their own decisions in their interest and will also enhance democracy and participation. Lower the level of decision making and more is the degree of decentralization. The demands from people help in planning by providing various opinions. I tried to do a bit of research work on this idea in order to get a deeper knowledge of the subject and even to understand, to what degree it has been implemented.

I initiated the process from a very basic level by fixing meetings with several officers like District Program Officer (Mahila Balvikas), ASO (Assistant Statistical Officer), Horticulture Officer, Agriculture Officer, District Trade & Industries Centre Manager and the list continues. For the first time there is a separate plan from the district level to deal with malnutrition and to cover all aspects related to the development. With the introduction of a novel idea of quarterly planning, some positive change is now expected. Resource allocation should be announced first and the planning should be outcome based. A lot of hype in immunization is also recorded this year. It has been observed that the staff is less than the sanctioned number in each and every department, reasons being prominently lesser recruitment and secondly lack of interest in people to work in smaller places.

Decentralization planning has not been initiated properly. There were no training programs organized to explain the process of decentralization to the villagers and the whole exercise lacked the vision. The quality of the training provided is extremely poor and overall it is not very useful because the people imparting training are not the deserving candidates; they don’t even have the basic knowledge regarding the issue. Further the training program schedule is very hectic. Adding up to it, there is no correspondence provided after the training process.

In order to make the vision real, the plan (Janpath – District – State) should be dispersed amongst everyone to keep them aware of the happenings and there should be co-operation amongst the population. Even, a lot of efforts are required to motivate the villagers to change their pessimistic attitude.

Suvidha Bhatnagar

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