International adoption bends more to the laws of the market.
This can lead to many abuses. Associations denounced the influence of money on adoption.
In a broadcast on radio Parenthèse, August 27, a father who was adopting children in Vietnam said that the “gifts imposed” to orphanages ranged, between 6 000 and 10 000 €.
Yves Nicolin, president of the French Agency for Adoption (AFA), a guest on the show, said while the donations were left “at the discretion of parents,” before adding: “As against those who do not give sufficiently, you must know that they threaten the adoption of prospective adoptive parents. ”
These words “When the president of the AFA invites families not to be stingy.” aroused the anger of the leaders of the main association of adoptive families, EFA (Children and adoptive families) and ended up sending a letter of vigorous reaction to Yves Nicolin.
Having emphasized that under the monthly income of many countries, € 10 000 was an “astronomical” amount , the letter states: “It is normal that France and the other host countries seek to help countries to provide services for child protection but it is quite abnormal that the president of the French Agency for adoption encourages the attitude that could be summed up in the slogan “give more to adopt more”. Such an attitude, has made it clear to smaller families they are “banned” for adoption, and adoption has been reduced to a transaction and children to a currency of exchange.”
“I have never been promoting such an attitude, I just wanted to explain a reality, denies Yves Nicolin. A birth biological expensive, about € 15 000, paid by the community. The adoption also has a significant cost. The countries of origin that offer children calling to countries wishing to adopt a form of humanitarian cooperation. As there are fewer children available for adoption and more and more requests, the authorities of countries that use the adoption to fund orphanages will ask for more money than before: it is a reality and it does should not cloud the issue. ”
It is true that adopting a child abroad is more expensive. In the money claimed by families or AFA bodies authorized for adoption (FAO), there are a number of fixed costs that can be justified: travel, housing, translators, administrative, lawyers sometimes … But Families are sometimes subject to additional costs that may be questionable. Including those intended to pay the “intermediaries”.
In Russia, for example, there are facilitators who sometimes pay exorbitant fees to link a family with an orphanage. Very often, you must pay an additional sum to finance humanitarian projects or the protection of children in the country of origin. It can be paid directly to the central authority of the country or agency official who served as an intermediary, a practice EFA considered “normal.”
With the demand for adoption increasing and the supply of orphans limited it is important that a proper framework for adoption is put into place to avoid black marketing and underhand dealings in the process of adoption of children.