How will USA and other countries in the world achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) target to reduce, by half, the proportion of 2.6 billion people who have no access to basic sanitation by 2015?
On this year’s World Water Day (March 22, 2008), to put the spotlight on sanitation, the United Nations General Assembly declared the year 2008 as the International Year of Sanitation. The goal is to raise awareness and to accelerate progress towards the MDG targets of halving the number of people without access to basic sanitation by 2015.
Where is the estimated US $10 billion annual cost to achieve this MDG target going to come from? From 2008-2015, we will need US$ 80 billion to achieve this target, which will halve the number of people who presently have no access to basic sanitation. Even if we achieve this MDG target, it will still leave the other half (1.3 billion people) without access to basic sanitation in 2015!
This amount is less than 1 per cent of world military spending in 2005, one-third of the estimated global spending on bottled water, or about as much as Europeans spend on ice cream each year.
“Private corporations, including the bottled water companies, who have largely demonstrated ruthless capital-intensive approach with blatant disregard to environmental or ecological aspects depriving local communities from access to natural resources, should be the ones to foot this bill. Not the public sector or governments of developing countries”, says Dr Sandeep Pandey, Ramon Magsaysay awardee (2002) and Convener of National Alliance of People’s Movements (NAPM).
Aggressive marketing targeted at those ‘who-have-money-to-pay’ has contributed extensively to exacerbating the gap between the rich and poor communities. This has not only jeopardized basic human rights to life and dignity of the underserved communities, but also left the ‘rich’ with a mountainous burden of lifestyle diseases to deal with.
Water is a public good, not a commodity to be bought and sold. Increasing corporate control of water is undoubtedly alarming.
“Corporations are contributing to, and then profiting from, the global water crisis”, affirms Kathryn Mulvey, Executive Director of Corporate Accountability International (www.stopcorporateabuse.org). She stressed further, “One of the greatest threats to people’s access to water today is that corporate use of water is often prioritized over people’s daily use.”
The money required to achieve MDG goals by halving the number of people who don’t have access to basic sanitation is one-third of the global spending on bottled water. “If one-third of the profits from bottled water companies can help 1.3 billion people to get access to basic sanitation, not doing that and letting bottled water companies mint money is outrageous” asserts Dr Pandey.
As water becomes more precious, corporations like Coke, Pepsi, Nestlé, Suez and Veolia are increasingly trying to control and profit from it. Ironically enough, at the same time, these corporations are trying to position themselves as ‘improving’ people’s access to water.
As natural rights, water rights are usufructuary rights (water can be used but not owned). People have a right to life and therefore they also have the right to the resources that sustain it, such as water. The necessity of water to life is the reason why, under customary laws, the right to water has been accepted as a natural, social fact.
Therefore, governments and corporations cannot alienate people of their water rights. On this World Water Day and beyond, not only do we need to challenge the alarming corporate control of water, but also stake a claim to financial and natural resources that rightfully should be utilized to provide access to basic sanitation to all.
(The author is a senior journalist, member of NATT (Network for Accountability of Tobacco Transnationals) and can be contacted at: [email protected])
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